Although it is relatively recent introduction in Africa, the horse occupies a large symbolic place in many African societies. Among the Dogon, the horse is very present in mythology and cosmology. The creator god Amma creates "a living germ" from the four elements, the basis of the world. Four pairs of twins, the ancestors of the men, the eight Nommo, are then formed. After a period of great disorder caused by Ogo, one of the twins, Amma sacrifices the second twin, then resurrects it by giving it a human form. The Risen Nommo descends to the earth using an ark that turns into a horse.
The horse is associated with the Hogon, religious leader. The Hogon is represented on horseback rings, or in sculptures of wooden riders, or in lost wax bronzes.